The mystery of the miracle year by Dwarkesh Patel is a great blog post that's been floating around. It's actually synthesized a lot of topics that I've written about in a way that I could never. Dwarkesh explores the short bursts of intense productivity and discovery that great scientists had – Newton, Copernicus, von Neumann, and Gauss. It is worth the read.
Some ideas I've written about that are related: