Imagine you have a RESTful API that has been serving thousands of users. You've been maintaining the code, and now it's time to add a critical new feature – versioning. Often overlooked, API versioning is probably the most important part of the API infrastructure.
It's something that you should probably think about even at the earliest stages – not that all API endpoints and behavior need guarantees at that stage (and shouldn't). Still, versioning is easier earlier rather than later.
A few considerations:
- Will clients need to upgrade?
- Will changes be backward compatible? Will v2 endpoints accept v1 requests?
- Will the entire API be versioned or specific routes?
- What happens when clients send a v2 request to a v1 endpoint? Vice versa?
- Semantic versioning? Deprecation policy?
A few versioning strategies.
- Versioning in the URL structure – e.g., https://api.matt-rickard.com/v2/posts
- Versioning with a URL query parameter – e.g., https://api.mattch-rickard/posts?v=2.1
- Versioning with content negotiation – e.g., a
Content Type: application/vnd.rickard.2.param+jsonheader.
- Versioning with other request headers – e.g.,